Hericium erinaceus

Hericium erinaceus
[Commonly accepted name.]
See comments on H. erinaceum.

Acer macrophyllum

Acer spp.

Aesculus sp.

Ailanthus altissima

Ailanthus glandulosa [now = Ailanthus altissima]

Albizia julibrissin

Betula sp.

Carpinus betulus

Carya spp.

Castanea sativa

Castanopsis cuspidata

Eucalyptus sp.

Fagus grandifolia

Fagus spp.

Fagus sylvatica

Juglans sp.

Liquidambar styraciflua

Magnoliopsidae ord. indet.

Malus sp.

Notholithocarpus densifolia

Platanus occidentalis

Platanus racemosa

Platanus spp.

Quercus agrifolia

Quercus alba

Quercus cerris

Quercus chrysolepis

Quercus coccinea

Quercus crispula 

Quercus garryana

Quercus kelloggii

Quercus leucotrichophora 

Quercus lobata

Quercus petraea

Quercus phellos

Quercus prinus

Quercus pubescens

Quercus robur (now = Quercus pedunculata) 

Quercus rubra

Quercus spp.

Quercus velutina

Quercus wislizeni

Robinia pseudoacacia

Robinia spp.

Sorbus sp. 

Ulmus carpinifolia

Acer macrophyllum (broadleaf maple) DAVFP (BC, Canada).

Acer spp. Boddy et alia 2011 (UK); in Henderson 1981; and Horst 2013.

Aesculus sp. Doll 1979 “once” (Mecklenburg, Germany).

Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) On live trunk in urban center. Mir et alia 2017 (Balearic Island, Menorca).

Ailanthus glandulosa Bourdot & Galzin 1927 (France). 

Albizia julibrissin (silk tree) “annually pruned […] in urban areas.” Global Fungal Red List; ; Cybertruffle’s Robigalia mentions a collection of “Hericium sp.” from this host (Ukraine).

Betula spp. (birch) Boddy et alia 2011 (UK); Harrison 1961 (Nova Scotia).

Carpinus betulus (common hornbeam) On dead stump. Kunca & Čiliak 2017 (Slovakia).

Carya sp. (hickory) “on a dead log” in Banker 1906 (as Hicoria).

Castanea sativa (sweet chestnut) in crevices, wounds and hollows Bresadola 1906 (Europe).

Castanopsis cuspidata (Japanese chinquapin or shiia) Otani 1957.

Eucalyptus sp. was mentioned in Harrison 1973 (California, USA). [Eucalyptus successfully also used in Australian cultivation.]

Fagus grandifolia (American beech) On live tree. Ginns 1985 (Pennsylvania, USA). 

Fagus sp. (beech) “stump” “fallen beech trunk” Lacheva 2014 (Bulgaria); Bourdot & Galzin 1927 (France); Ginns 1985 (UK); and “collected from stumps” Afyon et alia 2009 (Sinop, Boyabat, Turkey); one of the main host trees Doll 1979 (Mecklenburg, Germany); Stasińska 1999 (NW Poland in mountains not low areas); Harrison alluded it to only being true in earlier times due to a loss of beech forests. Harrison 1961 (Nova Scotia).

Fagus sylvatica (European beech) ATCC and Bisko et alia 2016 (the Netherlands); Boddy et alia 2011 (UK); on living and dead. Kunca & Čiliak 2015 (Poland, Czech Repubic, Hungary & Austria); on live and dead. Kunca & Čiliak 2015 & 2017 (Slovakia); on live and dead. Sikora & Neubauer 2015 (Poland).

Juglans sp. (walnut) Cybertruffle’s Robigalia citing Teng 1996:314. (1 record from China); Bourdot & Galzin 1927 (France); also in Monica 2014 . Monica’s ID needs to be questioned: the included photo appears to be H. laciniatum/coralloides (Italy); also in Doll 1979 citing Bourdot & Galzin 1927.

Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum) Nakasone 1996 (Southern USA). It seems possible that this was in reference to Hericium americanum?

Magnoliopsidae ord. indet. Cybertruffle’s Robigalia citing Teng 1996:314. (12 records from China). 

Malus sp. Doll 1979 citing Bourdot & Galzin 1927 (France).

Notholithocarpus (Lithocarpus) densifolia (tan-oak) On living trees; less common on fallen trunks. Local observation by Trout (Mendocino Co, California, USA).

Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore).

Platanus racemosa (California sycamore)
Oudemans (1919 – 1924).

Platanus sp. was also mentioned in Harrison 1973.

Quercus sp. (oak) Ginns 1985 (Maryland, USA); on living and dead: Sikora & Neubauer 2015 (Poland); on dead oak: Rastetter 1983 (Germany); Doll 1979: one of the main host trees (Mecklenburg, Germany).

Quercus agrifolia (coast live oak) Swiecki & Bernhardt 2006 (California).

Quercus alba (white oak) ATCC (New Jersey); also Ginns 1985 (New Jersey, Pennsylvania, USA), Berry 1969 (Kentucky), & Berry & Lombard 1978 (central USA).

Quercus cerris (turkey oak) Kew Gardens (England); on living and on dead. Kunca & Čiliak 2017 (Slovakia).

Quercus chrysolepis (canyon live oak) Swiecki & Bernhardt 2006 (California).

Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak) Berry & Lombard 1978 (central USA).

Quercus crispula (mizu-nara) (now Q. mongolica) “collected from a trunk of oak tree” Global Catalogue of Microorganisms (Japan) [as H. erinaceum].

Quercus garryana (garry oak) DAVFP (BC, Canada) Two accessions; one with ID question.

Quercus kelloggii (California black oak) Live tree; from branch scar. Local observation by Trout. (Philo, Mendocino County, California, USA); also in Swiecki & Bernhardt 2006 (California).

Quercus leucotrichophora (banj oak) Cybertruffle’s Robigalia  (India) [as = Q. incana].

Quercus lobata (valley oak) Swiecki & Bernhardt 2006 (California).

Quercus petraea (sessile oak) On living weakened and dead. Kunca & Čiliak 2015 & 2017 (Slovakia); Cybertruffle’s Robigalia  (Ukraine).

Quercus phellos (willow oak) ATCC.

Quercus prinus (chestnut oak) Berry & Lombard 1978 (central USA).

Quercus pubescens (downy oak) Cybertruffle’s Robigalia  (Ukraine).

Quercus robur (English oak) Koski-Kotiranta & Niemelä 1988 (Europe); Cybertruffle’s Robigalia  cited Gizhytska 1929 (Ukraine).

Quercus rubra (red oak) ATCC and also Ginns 1985 and also Stalpers 1992 (Virginia, USA).

Quercus spp. Boddy et alia 2011 (UK); also given in Persoon 1794: 153; “sur les grosses branches mortes du chêne” [on large dead branches of oak] Chevalier 1826:275 (France); on living and dead. “on old oaks” Bourdot & Galzin 1927 (France); Kunca & Čiliak 2015 (Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary & Austria); & also Kunca & Čiliak 2015 & 2017 (Slovakia).

Quercus velutina (eastern black oak) Ginns 1985 (Pennsylvania, USA); also Berry & Lombard 1978 (central USA) reporting a prevalence of Black oak > white oak >> Scarlet oak > Chestnut oak.

Quercus wislizeni (interior live oak) Swiecki & Bernhardt 2006 (California).

Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust) On dead stump. Kunca & Čiliak 2017 (Slovakia).

Robinia sp. (locust) on injured living tree was mentioned in Banker 1906 (USA); (also given in Keizer 2008).

Sorbus sp. Doll 1979 citing Bourdot & Galzin 1927 (France).

Ulmus carpinifolia (smoothleaf elm) (Now = U. minor) On dead log Kunca & Čiliak 2017 (Slovakia).

“On alive trunks of Quercus and Fagus” 1000-1400m. Nanagulyan & Senn-Irlet 2002 (Armenia).

“large stems of beech, both living and dead” Hansen & Veesterholt 2002 (Denmark). 

“nait des cicatrices des vieux chênes” (from scars of old oaks) Bulliard 1780.

“[…] in the scars of old oaks” Letellier 1826.

“pas rare sur vieux chênes; hêtre, noyer, Ailanthus glandulosa.” “not rare on old oaks; beech, walnut, Ailanthus glandulosa.” Bourdot & Galzin 1927 (France).

On oak and Robinia (living trees) “loofbomen (eik, Robinia)” Keizer 2008 (Netherlands).

“living oak and beech” Hallenberg 1983 (C & S Europe; reaching as far north as S Sweden).

“beech (77%) or oak Quercus sp. (23%)” “At 71% of sites, fruiting bodies were found on dead wood, either on lying or standing trunks, and 29% − on living trees.” Sikora & Neubauer 2015 (Poland)

“High up on wounds and stubs on living trees; fallen large diam. wood.” Boddy et alia 2011 (UK).

“On old oaks” Gray 1821:651 (UK) [as = Steccherinum quercinum].

“On trunks, oaks, beech, &c.” Massee 1892 and Stevenson 1886 (UK). Cooke 1871 was almost the same but gave as “United States.”

“mainly in the wounds of old standing living trees. Most often Fagus sylvatica (beech), occasionally Quercus robur (oak). […] on cut end of felled trees and on trunks of fallen trees” Hampshire Biodiversity Partnership 2003 (UK).

“beech wood” Wald et alia 2004 (UK).

“growing from scars on living deciduous trees, especially beech” Images on beech (UK) and on oak (USA) Roger’s mushrooms [http://www.rogersmushrooms.com/gallery/DisplayBlock~bid~6107~gid~~source~gallerydefault.asp] 

“on living beech trees” Afyon et alia 2004 (Sinop, Boyabat, Turkey).

Oak, “fur les chênes” Paulet 1793:424 and 427 (France).

“Quercia, Faggio, Noce e di altre piante decidue. “ (i.e. “Oak, Beech, Walnut [Juglans] & other deciduous species”) Monica 2014 (Italy) Photo appears to be of H. laciniatum/coralloides. 

“invariably grows out of the knotholes or wounds of the tree, which may be walnut, oak, elm, or beech.” “ranging from rare in central Europe to fairly common in southern England.” Pegler 2003.

“Growing as a weak parasite on trunks and thick branches of old, standing deciduous trees, mainly Quercus and Fagus, often in old wounds, often high above the ground and fruiting many years on the same tree. It occurs in old, deciduous forests but also on planted trees in parks and along roadsides.” ECCF 2001 (“Widespread in Europe”).

‘very rare in northern Europe, and has been found frequently only in Denmark.”

Classified as endangered in Sweden and in Poland; “usually grows on Fagus sylvatica and Quercus robur, but also occurs on Betula, Juglans, Malus and Sorbus.” 

“In Central Europe further host trees are known.” 

“A characteristic site is a knothole or wound on a standing, living tree.” 

Koski-Kotiranta & Niemelä 1988.

“undisturbed beech [Fagus] and oak [Quercus] forests with high air humidity, in the cracks and cavities of living, old or dead trunks, fallen logs and stumps.” Siller et alia 2005 (Hungary).

“it grows on the trunks of leafy trees, especially on chestnut, mulberry, plum etc. between crevices, scars or cavities.” Bresadola 1906 (Europe).

“Saprobic and parasitic […] fruiting from the wounds of living hardwoods (especially oaks)” Kuo website.

“most commonly emerging from wounds in living oaks, often from holes made by woodpeckers; occasionally it is found on locusts or on beeches; sometimes it is found on dead logs. Of fifteen specimens whose habitat was given, ten were on injured living trees; of these seven were Quercus, two Robinia, and one Fagus; the remaining five plants grew on dead logs, one on Quercus, one on Hicoria [Carya], and the others unknown” “…prefers living oaks” Banker 1906.

“On living oak, locust or beech, also occasionally on dead trees” Banker 1906 (USA and Mexico).

“associated with a heart rot of oaks, occasionally on other frondose species, and is usually found growing from knotholes or cracks on living trees. It is recorded on Fagus in a number of states, on Acer spp. (Washington), Eucalyptus (California) and Platanus (Virginia).” Harrison 1972.

“Solitary from branch scars of living hardwoods or on fallen logs;” Mycoweb (California).

“Causes a white pocket rot of living trees, and is associated with wounds.” Glaeser & Smith 2010.

“grows only on deciduous wood, oak along Pacific Coast, in this area on maple.” Henderson 1981.

Bisko et alia 2016 listed culture collections from Nevada, China, Netherlands & Taiwan.

“grows on both living and dead broadleaf trees” Mori et alia 2008 (Japan & China).

“old tree stump” for both of the finds reported in the Atlas of Australia (VIC, Australia)