Cooking mushrooms

cooked lion's mane mushrooms


Downloadable PDF of recipes and cooking instructions for Lion’s Mane

Downloadable PDF of recipes and cooking instructions for Shiitake and Lion’s Mane

Cooking with the Lion’s Mane mushrooms
(Hericium species)

There are many ways to cook the Lion’s mane (Hericium) mushrooms.
My favorite two:

Approach 1) Cut into 1/2 inch thick slices or if solid and very large the slices also get re-sliced into 1/2” wide strips. Some people prefer to tear them into pieces. Try both approaches to discover which you like best.

Wild harvested mushrooms, including Lion’s mane, will usually go into a dry fry pan at the beginning to ‘sweat out’ a lot of liquid (and flavor). which will then take a few minutes to reduce and be resorbed back into the mushroom (usually 6-8).
If the hericiums were cultivated, or if they were wild harvested during periods of non-rainy weather, they will instead commonly need a few tablespoons of water to be added at first (and occasionally more later) to prevent scorching.
If oil is used it should be only enough to prevent sticking. Too much results in frying the mushroom. Ideally just small bits of water should be used at this point.

The mushrooms should be started on a medium high heat and cooked for around 1-2 minutes with stirring — just to get them completely hot quickly, then the heat should then be reduced to medium low or low (depending on YOUR burner) and they should be cooked covered for another 15 minutes with occasional checking and stirring. If moisture is expressed, lower heat and continue cooking uncovered to resorb the liquid. After halfway into the cooking you can add a small amount of butter or a 2:1 mixture of olive oil and butter.
Wine or other optional liquid seasonings should be added only towards the end of the cooking process or they can be absorbed to the point of obscuring the delicate flavor of the lion’s mane. Garlic is a great taste but can easily overpower and obscure the flavor of mushrooms.

Approach 2) Start out the same as above but do not cover and add the butter and/or oil much sooner, as soon as any expressed liquids have been resorbed by the mushrooms. (be sure that all excess liquid has been resorbed before adding butter/oil) and cook over moderate heat with constant attention until the edges and teeth begin to get golden-brown and crunchy. This will require a bit more oil than the first method plus very close monitoring, especially towards the end, to avoid scorching. Tiny bits of water – using a teaspoon – can help adjust the balance point.

All of the Hericium mushroom species freeze well once they have been cooked. They can be prepared when available, packed into half-pint jars, and frozen for use at another time.

Some recipe ideas

All of these can have substitutions made.

Be creative!


Easy Chicken with Lion’s Mane, peppers & potatoes

Thinly slice or dice a medium onion and a largish clove of garlic.
Lightly cook in a frying pan in oil. I greatly like a blend of Avocado oil and roasted garlic olive oil.
Add 1/2 dozen baby bell peppers cut into quarters.
When the color of the onions and the peppers begins to change, turn over and add 1-3/4# organic boneless chicken thighs, approximately 2 cups of (four medium sized)
potatoes or the equivalent in small potatoes, roughly same amount of Hericium as potatoes (cut into 1/2 inch sections; or if large the slices should be resliced into 1/2″ wide strips) approximately two cups once chopped. I like to add one or two slices of butter at that point as well.
Cover and cook on medium-low to medium heat until the chicken is done. Usually 15-20 minutes.
Salt and/or pepper to taste, if needed.
Hot peppers may be added with the bell peppers if heat is desired and the chicken may be omitted if a vegetarian dish is desired.
If the chicken is omitted more monitoring is required and a few tablespoons of water may be needed in order to prevent scorching of the vegetables.


Lion’s mane with mixed vegetables

This vegetarian recipe is for cultivated lion’s manes.

Several tbsp EVOO (extra virgin olive oil) or mix of EVOO and butter
1 onion, sliced from top to bottom into half-inch wide wedges
4-6 mixed color mini-peppers or 2 red bell peppers, cored, de-seeded, and sliced into 1/2” wide strips.
1-2 medium size Lion’s mane mushrooms
Tear lion’s manes into fan-shaped bite-sized morsels. The larger end should be around ½” thick.
Several medium potatoes, sliced or diced abut 1/2” thick
Small jar (or half of a large jar) of pre-cooked nopalitos
(Dona Maria is the usual brand around here. If you are not familiar with nopalitos, rinsing them well is all that is needed to make them incredible.)

Heat oil in skillet and sauté onions therein until they have glazed and begun to go translucent.

Add sliced peppers, mushrooms and potatoes and stir, then cover and sauté over low heat about 15 minutes while rinsing and preparing the cactus:
Open the jar of cooked nopalitos and rinse/drain several times using fresh water to remove excess mucilage and brine.

Add nopalitos to pan, stir to mix, and heat until thoroughly hot.
Mushrooms should be tender, but not mushy.
This typically takes between 15 and 20 minutes, similar to potatoes.

Serve warm.


Ground beef with nopalitos, lions mane, broccoli, peppers, onion and garlic

Beef with lion’s manes, cactus and sweet peppers

2 Tbsp EVOO
4-6 cloves diced garlic, or to taste
1 large or 2 medium onions, sliced,
2 lbs lean ground beef, high quality stew meat, or slices from a tender cut of beef
1/2 tsp oregano, 1 tsp thyme, 3/4 tsp ground cumin
~ 1 dozen mini sweet peppers
1 de-seeded serrano pepper if you like heat
1/4 to 1/2 lb of lion’s mane torn into bite-size pieces
1 large jar of pre-cooked cactus (nopalitos), drained and triple-rinsed to remove mucilage, vinegar, and salt
1/2 cup chunky dried tomatoes
1/4 cup hot water

Put dried tomatoes into a small container, add the 1/4 cup hot water, set aside to rehydrate, but check and stir every few minutes until evenly re-hydrated.

Put EVOO in large skillet over medium-low heat and sauté onions and garlic until they begin to go translucent, being careful to not brown them.
Add beef and brown over medium heat, stirring often.
Sprinkle herbs evenly across meat mixture and stir to combine, then cover and simmer over low heat for a few minutes while prepping mushrooms.

Add peppers and mushrooms and stir, then cover and cook over low hear about 15 minutes.

Add rinsed nopalitos and rehydrated dried tomatoes, stir to combine, and continue cooking until heated throughout, approximately 5 more minutes. Serve warm.
When prepared optimally, the tomatoes are completely heated, but not ‘cooked’.

Serve over rice or pasta, or alone.

Optional add-ins:
1 cup sliced organic collard greens, added ~10 minutes after Lion’s Manes.
1 cup diced potatoes added at same time as Lion’s Manes.


‘Coral Tooth with greens’

For a unique taste treat, try this using our seasonally-available Hericium coralloides mushrooms.

1/2 lb Coral tooth mushrooms
1 bunch collards
1 bunch red chard
Several tbsp butter
Optional 2 strips bacon

Wash greens and remove stems and center ribs. Cut off browned ends, then cut stems into 1”-2” long pieces.
Layer chard and collards, alternating one leaf upon another. Roll up like a cigar and slice crosswise as thinly as possible.
Coarsely chop mushrooms.
Put 1-2 tbsp butter in a pan and add coarsely chopped coral tooth mushrooms. Cook over low heat until golden but not crispy.
In separate pan, cook 2 slices bacon to desired crispness, drain and put aside, drain off half the fat and add cut stems and a few tablespoons water, then cover and steam about 5 minutes or just until tender. Add thinly sliced mixed greens and cook until color changes, being careful to not overcook. Remove from pan and add to mushrooms.
Coarsely chop bacon & mix together with greens & mushrooms. Serve warm.

OR if omitting the bacon, rather than bacon fat, use 2 Tbsp extra virgin olive oil. Add chopped stems with enough water to steam several minutes, then add greens and cook until tender. Mix cooked mushrooms with greens and serve immediately while warm.

Coral tooth and collards are a perfect pairing of complementary flavors. The sweetness of the chard and the savory saltiness of the bacon make this a memorable encounter, whether as a dish or a side.

Cooking with Shiitake mushrooms (Lentinula edodes)

Cook them in good oil such as butter, olive-oil:butter, avocado oil, etcetera until the slices are limp.
Shiitakes are versatile. They can be stir fried, baked plain or stuffed, marinated and grilled, added whole to the vegetables that get cooked along with a roast or in an earthen oven, added to soups, stews or meat dishes, or they can be cooked alone and enjoyed as dish. Precooked shiitakes can also then be combined with other foods such as omelettes, vegetables, soups and salads. It may be convenient to cook enough mushrooms for adding to 2 or 4 meals. Cooked shiitakes freeze acceptably.
Butter, garlic & a little salt may compliment shiitakes own distinctive flavor.
Stems of shiitakes are most often fibrous and very tough. They should be removed before cooking.
Thicker stems can be very thinly sliced and fried until golden brown in butter or butter and oil for a crispy-to-chewy treat. Thinner, tougher stems can be dried and ground into a powder for later use as a thickening agent in soups, stews, stock reductions and many types of sauces. Or stems *can* be discarded.

Shiitake ‘bacon’ with sea-palm fronds

Slice shiitakes thin but not too thinly. A couple to several (2-4) mm is fine. Try to slice them evenly.
Place the slices into a bowl and add a minimum amount of your favorite cooking oil then gently stir extremely well. A variant of this is to spread the slices out on a cooking sheet and lightly mist with a light spray of oil before tossing to coat all surfaces. It is important to not use too much oil.
The goal is to get a bare minimum but thorough coating of oil on all of the mushrooms. A special touch can be created by adding a drop of liquid smoke to the oil and shaking very well before oiling the mushrooms.
Once this is done lightly season with sea salt and again mix thoroughly. Other seasonings can also be added but keeping it simple has great results.
Spread the shiitakes out into a single layer on a foil or parchment paper lined baking sheet. Sprinkle the top with coarse sea salt.
Bake in a preheated 350°F oven, checking frequently, especially towards the end.
You want them to cook completely dry, turning brown with some golden parts. This takes a few minutes (15 or more minutes is common; the hotter the oven the faster it goes but monitor them carefully as rotating the pan may be required in some ovens. The last few minutes of this goes very fast so it requires a close eye to prevent burning.
Using care, transfer the baked mushrooms from the hot sheet into a bowl.
Let it cool and you now have a bowl of shiitake bacon.
Break some crunchy dried sea palm fronds into smaller pieces & toss with your shiitake bacon. Enjoy.
If you are an optimist this can be packed into a jar and placed into a refrigerator for storage. If you are a realist you will probably leave it available on the counter knowing it will be consumed very quickly.

Caution: this food item may be found to be compulsively addictive.

It is important to cook shiitakes thoroughly.

Approximately one in 50 or more people appear to have a sensitivity to uncooked or undercooked shiitakes. Most shiitakes consumed in the world are dried and then rehydrated; drying is not the same as cooking and a thorough cooking is still needed.
In those rare individuals who are allergic, consuming undercooked or raw shiitakes may result in a skin rash resembling poison oak but accompanied by characteristic scratch-like lines (“flagellate”). If there is an allergic reaction, the rash begins 24-72 hr following ingestion and can last for up to 14 days. It resolves spontaneously without any treatment but a doctor can shorten its duration.
Most people are not allergic. Thoroughly cooked shiitakes appear to be OK for everyone.

Click here if you want to see an image of a shiitake-induced rash